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International Scientific Indexing (ISI) Indexed Journal Applied Medical Research ISSN: 2149 - 2018
Applied Medical Research. 2020; 7(2):(77-138)


Some Significant Advances in Antibacterial Treatment of Textile Materials

N. Gokarneshan1* and V. Krishna kumar2

Abstract
The article reviews some significant trends in the antibacterial treatment of textile materials. Jute-cotton blended denim is a new diversified product for the fashion and clothing sector. Chitosan was incorporated in this blend in order to improve its antimicrobial property. The incorporation of chitosan to the blended apparel was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Two microorganisms were used to create individual bacterial medium; one is the gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and the other is the gram-negative Escherichia coli. Functional cotton with high and durable antibacterial activity by in situ formation of Ag nanoparticles (NPs) onto cotton fabric derived from phytic acid-Ag complex. The route can be divided into two simple steps, adsorption of silver ions onto cellulose matrix with phytic acid as a capture agent and subsequent reduction of Agþ to Ag NPs by sodium borohydride.